By James Denbow, Phenyo C. Thebe
Botswana's huge deposits of diamonds have made it one of many richest African international locations on a in keeping with capita foundation. even though, greater than wealth, what has made Botswana a version nation in southern Africa is its lengthy culture of democratic rule, recognize for ethnic and racial alterations, freedom of the click, and governmental courses to help its voters. although Botswana has had its proportion of problems—including ecological mess ups similar to drought— the spirit of its humans and their willingness, regardless of cultural adjustments, to interact to beat such setbacks make this nation extraordinary. normal readers will discover a wealth of updated info on such issues because the legacy of Christian missionaries, particularly the recognized David Livingstone, society post-Independence, the original mixture of Christianity and ancestral non secular practices, the AIDS trouble, initiation rites, group rule by means of chiefs, polygamy, livestock elevating, nutrition and beer, betrothal customs, schooling, specified video games, the crucial tune and dance, and lots more and plenty more.The authors supply an intensive, one-stop source for studying a couple of major nation that has stayed peaceable regardless of the strife of neighboring South Africa and Angola, for instance. Narrative chapters by means of those insiders conceal the land, humans, languages, schooling, economic climate, background, faith and worldview, literature and media, paintings and structure, food and conventional costume, gender roles, marriage, and family members, social customs and way of life, and track and dance. photographs, a chronology, and a word list supplement the narrative.
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Extra resources for Culture and Customs of Botswana (Culture and Customs of Africa)
Botswana supports a number of nonformal education efforts, including the National Literacy Program initiated in 1980. The adult literacy rate is now approximately 70 percent, with women scoring slightly higher than men. Other programs include distance education initiatives to enable students and citizens with special needs to participate in Junior Certificate, General Certificate of Education, and Special Education programs so that they can become productive members of society. 13 20 CULTURE AND CUSTOMS OF BOTSWANA R ESOURCES , O CCUPATION , AND E CONOMY Botswana is a dry land with low and unreliable rainfall.
When the first Bantu-speaking farmers and herders began to settle in northern and eastern Botswana. , domestic herds of cattle, goats, and sheep increased rapidly on the dry, nutritious grasslands of eastern and northern INTRODUCTION 27 Botswana. As herds expanded, so did opportunities for some lineages to increase their political support by using cattle to make favorable marriages and political alliances as well as to attract followers by lending out animals in a system called mafisa; some Sarwa may also have been recruited to help with herd management.
The country also has one of the highest automobile accident death rates on the continent, creating a demand for defensive driving schools. Photo courtesy of Mike Main. INTRODUCTION 15 which accounts for a high percentage of owned vehicles, then comparisons with the figures for the largely African ownership in Botswana would be much closer. In comparison, the highest rates of vehicle ownership in West Africa are found in Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal, all with just 9 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants.
Culture and Customs of Botswana (Culture and Customs of Africa) by James Denbow, Phenyo C. Thebe