By Osama Abi-Mershed
Among 1830 and 1870, French military officials serving within the colonial workplaces of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the process political decision-making in Algeria. Guided via the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian tuition of their improvement and implementation of colonial coverage, the officials articulated a brand new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and ecu populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernity indicates the evolution of this civilizing venture in Algeria, and illustrates how those forty years have been decisive in shaping the valuable ideological tenets in French colonization of the region.This ebook deals a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial historical past. It unearths not just what the increase of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite heart Easterners and North Africans, but in addition what dynamics have been desirous about the imposition or neighborhood adoptions of eu cultural norms and the way the colonial stumble upon impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
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Extra info for Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria
T h e Pol i t ics of A bil i t i e s We have been told that we would each do well to return to our family and resume our activities of the old society, to become again traders, doctors, engineers. . This petty life, this narrow life, this life without poetry was for us an unbearable burden. We dreamed of something better, something great. . We no longer enjoy the thrills of the warrior; we have no more crusade to undertake, no new world to discover; the time of Napoleonic expeditions is past; we have no more solemnities, nor temples, nor tournaments, nor songs, nor festivals.
As it prepared for its fi rst significant clash with a Muslim power in three decades, the government revisited the imperial precedent of Napoleon, deriving even its line of attack from the surviving fragments of plans drawn in 1808 by Colonel Vincent-Yves Boutin, engineer in the Grande Armée. The royalist plan to alleviate the weight of “radical” urban social groups on the inadequate political system backfi red, however, and the throne of Charles X was toppled within weeks of hoisting the Bourbon banner over the Turkish Casbah.
Algiers evoked memories of Alexandria or Cairo, and of a young general exhorting his soldiers to realize the na- Never the Twain Shall Meet? 19 tion’s manifest destiny on the field of battle. Likewise, in 1830, the commanders of the Army of Africa hoped to replicate the military and scientific feats of their Napoleonic forebears and to galvanize their troops with summons to return civilization and enlightenment to the darkened recesses of Africa. The iconic stature of Napoleon Bonaparte certainly cast a long shadow over the strategic and ideological calculations behind the invasion of the Ottoman Regency of Algiers.
Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria by Osama Abi-Mershed