By Tracy L. Morris PhD, John S. March MD MPH
Now in an absolutely revised and up to date moment version, this landmark paintings brings jointly major specialists to comprehensively study all points of childhood-onset nervousness issues. the amount offers the main theoretical views presently informing study and medical perform, studies key concerns in evaluation and analysis, and marshals the newest findings on each one ailment and its therapy. All chapters within the moment version were broadly rewritten to mirror major advances in thought and examine, together with the result of managed remedy reports. vital new chapters were additional on behavioral genetics, mixed cognitive-behavioral treatment and pharmacotherapy, and prevention. also, separate chapters now conceal numerous problems that have been formerly addressed in much less intensity: generalized anxiousness ailment, particular phobias, separation nervousness, and panic.
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Additional info for Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
The results of these studies show that attention is selectively shifted toward threat in patients and away from threat stimuli in healthy participants. Interestingly, depression is also associated 1. , 1996). In the emotional Stroop test, anxious participants are shown emotionally valent words printed in different colors. Participants are asked to name the color of the word while ignoring the word meaning (Mathews & MacLeod, 1985; McNally, 1996). Color-naming delay occurs when the word’s meaning interferes with the person’s ability to attend to the word’s color (McNally, 1996).
In situations in which there are competing demands on attentional systems, the cingulate may be involved in the weighing of alternative choices for further processing. During such weighing of alternative choices, individuals at risk for anxiety disorders are hypothesized to display a bias for potentially dangerous stimuli. , 1999). However, the degree to which engagement of this region varies as a function of performance remains unclear. Given performance differences among patient groups, fMRI studies of such attentional processes may provide an avenue for mapping neural circuits involved in risk for anxiety disorders.
In fact, more evidence implicates memory biases in depression than in anxiety. Research on the relationship between anxiety and implicit memory has yielded mixed results. , coffee; McNally, 1996). An implicit memory bias occurs if more threat than nonthreat stems are completed (McNally, 1996). , 1994). These inconsistencies indicate that further research is needed in order to clarify the discrepant memory biases across diagnostic categories, as well as to explain why some disorders are associated with attentional but not memory biases.
Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents by Tracy L. Morris PhD, John S. March MD MPH