By Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos
Facing the subject of Unification in Psychology.
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Extra info for Annals of Theoretical Psychology (Volume 5)
Through this conceptual improvement it was possible to make better observations. The two realms are in continuous, progressive interaction in producing a progressively refined fund of knowledge-a fund that is not without error, that contains distortion, that is idealized, and that is never a perfect knowledge mirror of the world. (Staats, 1983a, p. 35) The criticism of the logical positivist position that observation was the ultimate truth of science, objective, the basis for agreement, and the arbiter of 26 Arthur W.
That is a major message of the philosophy of science that treats of the central problem of the disorganized science (Staats, 1983a). 34 Arthur W. Staats 4. The Unity Assumption Unified Positivism's basic assumption is that underlying the diversity of the phenomena studied in psychology there are common principles. Although behavior (and its causes and effects) has many diverse forms, there is a constellation of principles that is smaller in number than the large number of surface phenomena. The assumption is that the highly diverse areas of knowledge, the diverse theories, concepts, methods, and discoveries have been occasioned by the fact that behavior has those many forms as well as the fact that those who study behavioral phenomena do so from different approaches.
The present philosophy will 24 Arthur W. Staats be developed in part by contrasting its principles with those of logical positivism. One reason for doing so is to employ the criticisms that have shown the weaknesses of logical positivism in the process of formulating a stronger philosophy. 1. Logical Positivism's Ultimate Truth versus Unified Positivism's Progressive Objectivity Again, it is important to understand that psychology was born with the express mission of turning the study of the human mind into a science-to make the same kinds of achievements in this field of study that had been made in the natural sciences.
Annals of Theoretical Psychology (Volume 5) by Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos