By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the U.S. has led the realm in constructing significant applied sciences that force the fashionable economic system and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. skill for transformative innovation to the energy of its nationwide safety country, a fancy of businesses, courses, and hybrid preparations that has constructed round the establishment of everlasting security preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that complicated emerged and the way it has developed in keeping with altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly struggle interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital money, new varieties of know-how procurement by way of security and security-related enterprises, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide safeguard nation has been the crucible for leap forward recommendations, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent enterprises, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her ebook appraises chronic myths concerning the military-commercial courting on the center of the nationwide safety kingdom. Weiss additionally discusses the results for knowing U.S. capitalism, the yankee nation, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized organisations curtail funding in production and innovation.
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Additional info for America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State
While these issues formed the backdrop to defense conversion and a period of détente with the Soviet Union, the new decade also brought fresh concerns about an innovation deﬁcit, heightened to an increasing extent by the seemingly relentless rise of Japan as a rival technological power. S. technological leadership and defense strategy would pave the way toward a new emphasis on military and commercial integration. The decade that runs roughly from the late 1960s to the late 1970s thus begins with a legitimation crisis and closes with an emerging innovation crisis.
National Science Foundation. When created in 1950, the National Science Foundation had a tiny budget and limited responsibilities (for “basic, undirected” research that no other public agency had an interest in sponsoring). Vannevar Bush’s proposal for a body that would centralize control of scientiﬁc research had languished in Congress during the ﬁrst half-decade after World War II, largely because President Truman opposed its bid for control by unelected civilians. When the NSF was ﬁnally established in 1950, the AEC and other federal bureaus had already assumed control of much of the scientiﬁc research that Bush had hoped the NSF might support.
In short, governed interdependence is neither universal nor generalized as a feature of states. As this last point implies, the governed interdependence approach thus opens a window onto vexing questions about state-ness and state capacity in the United States. As subsequent chapters show, the NSS pursues its missions by involving nonstate actors in a myriad of public-private arrangements and partnerships. S. system, which both demands a sizeable state to maintain its global preeminence, yet at the same time exudes a strong antistatism.
America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss