By George W. Harris
What forms of folks can we aspire to be, and the way do our aspirations healthy with our rules of rationality? In Agent-Centered Morality, George Harris argues that almost all folks aspire to a undeniable kind of integrity: we want to be respectful of and sympathetic to others, and to be loving mom and dad, acquaintances, and participants of our groups. opposed to a triumphing Kantian consensus, Harris deals an Aristotelian view of the issues provided by means of useful cause, difficulties of integrating all our issues right into a coherent, significant lifestyles in a fashion that preserves our integrity. the duty of fixing those difficulties is "the integration test."Systematically addressing the paintings of significant Kantian thinkers, Harris indicates that even the main complex modern types of the Kantian view fail to combine the entire values that correspond to what we name an ethical lifestyles. through demonstrating how the that means of existence and useful cause are internally comparable, he constructs from Aristotle's concept a conceptual scheme that effectively integrates the entire features that make a existence significant, with out jeopardizing where of any. Harris's elucidation of this method is an incredible contribution to debates on human employer, useful cause, and morality.
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Additional resources for Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism
Necessarily, P ought to do x. 2. Necessarily, if P ought to do x, P can do x. 3. Therefore, P can do x. It is the fact that the first premise is necessarily true on the Kantian view that prevents its falsification by showing that the consequent of (2) is false. This argument can then be employed to show that reason motivates by add . Korsgaard, "Skepticism about Practical Reason," 23 n. 17. , 23.  . See Immanuel Kant, Critique of Practical Reason , trans. Lewis White Beck (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1956), 5:30–31; Marcia Baron, Kantian Ethics Almost Without Apology (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995), 44–45; Allison, Kant's Theory of Freedom , 230–49.
The issue of content skepticism, however, turns on an empirical issue of whether the CI procedure on its best interpretation can play a certain role in human psychology: Can it integrate the various concerns a human agent has in a way that preserves the elements of integrity? If the relevant concepts can be made clear enough, the rest is a matter of empirical testing. I want to formulate the Kantian and Aristotelian theses so that they can be tested and to argue that the evidence tells against the Kantian conception and for the Aristotelian conception of practical reason for a rather large portion of humanity.
That (i) and (iia) are sufficient for regulative effect is reflected in the fact that in a context in which were it not irrational to act on A condition (i) could not obtain. Since (iib) entails (iia), (i) and (iib) also reflect regulative effect, but (iib) is not a necessary condition. A third feature of regulative effect is that when A is regulated by B in the previous sense, not acting on A in such contexts is not contrary to A. For example, where, say, acting for the sake of a friend is regulated by the concern for respect for others, not acting for the sake of a friend is not contrary to friendship.
Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism by George W. Harris