By Timothy A. Salthouse
For your time now, the research of cognitive improvement has been a long way and away the main energetic self-discipline inside developmental psychology. even supposing there will be a lot confrontation as to the precise share of papers released in developmental journals which may be thought of cognitive, 50% sounds like a conservative estimate. for that reason, a chain of scholarly books to be dedicated to paintings in cognitive improvement is mainly acceptable at the moment. The Springer sequence in Cognitive improvement comprises simple forms of books, particularly, edited collections of unique chapters via a number of authors, and unique volumes written by means of one writer or a small staff of authors. The flagship for the Springer sequence is a serial booklet of the "advances" kind, sporting the subtitle growth in Cognitive improvement learn. Volumes within the growth series are strongly thematic, in that every is proscribed to a few well-defined area of cognitive-developmental study (e. g. , logical and mathematical improvement, semantic development). All development volumes are edited collections. Editors of such books, upon session with the sequence Editor, may well select to have their works released both as contributions to the development series or as separate volumes. All books written by way of one writer or a small workforce of authors can be released as separate volumes in the sequence. a reasonably wide definition of cognitive improvement is getting used within the number of books for this series.
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Extra resources for Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging
There is also a statistical problem associated with the matching procedure. If the matching variable is not highly correlated with the dependent variable and individuals are selected from the extremes of each age group in order to produce matched samples, the results may be susceptible to a statistical regression artifact. This occurs because there is some error associated with the initial assignment of individuals, and since they were selected from the extremes of the distribution the error is most likely in the direction away from the mean of the distribution.
People are frequently willing to participate in a short-term project, where the total time commitment is one or two hours, but are often reluctant to participate in a project extending for years into the future. Moreover, some of the individuals who do agree to participate in the longitudinal study may later drop out of the study for one reason or another such that the final sample is even less representative of the parent population than the initial sample. Different trends with the cross-sectional and longitudinal methods might thus be due to the longitudinal study containing a more highly selected sample of individuals, either initially or after attrition, than the cross-sectional study.
The fact that the individuals being investigated have approximately the same life span as the investigator makes it very difficult for a single researcher to carry out longitudinal research. It is more feasible with lower animals that have a short life span, or even with children where the period of interest is only five or ten years, but in the field of human aging the longitudinal method is often impractical because of the tremendous time period involved. Related to the problem of the extreme time commitments required of longitudinal designs are the disadvantages of expense and inflexibility.
Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging by Timothy A. Salthouse