By Colin Brown
This succinct paintings of background charts the expansion of Indonesia, a awesome country of greater than 6,000 inhabited islands. With lucid originality, the textual content contains greater than 2 million years of background with intensity and brevity-particularly targeting Indonesia's improvement right into a microcosm of a multi-ethnic smooth international. Many present issues are perceptively addressed, similar to the legacy of European-Asian exchange, Dutch colonialism, and the emergence of what has turn into the biggest Muslim inhabitants on this planet.
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Additional info for A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation?
Kertanegara refused to pay, and sent the Chinese emissaries home, reputedly after having cut off their noses and ears—though whether this is literally what happened, or whether it simply means that the envoys were ritually humiliated, is unclear. In any event, in 1292 Kublai Khan responded by sending a military expedition comprising as many as 1000 vessels and 20 000 soldiers to Java to enforce collection of the tribute. However, before the expedition arrived, important political changes had taken place in Singasari.
Singapore, for instance, may be regarded as the modern descendant of Srivijaya. Late in the ninth century, with Srivijaya still at its zenith, the Javanese state of Mataram was expanding, perhaps in response to a resurgence in the China trade and the prosperity that was bringing to Java’s ports. Early in the tenth century, the palace of the king was moved east from inland central Java to the delta of the Brantas river, in the vicinity of the present-day city of Surabaya. The reasons for this shift have been much debated.
When the Mongol army arrived in east Java, the surviving son-in-law of Kertanegara, Raden Vijaya (also called Kertarajasa), persuaded its commanders to assist him to defeat Jayakatwang; this done, he tricked the Mongol army into laying down their weapons and 25 A Short History of Indonesia attacked them, killing many and driving off the rest, leaving him firmly in command. He established his palace at Majapahit, in the Brantas River valley south of Sarabaya, and Majapahit became the name of the state.
A Short History of Indonesia: The Unlikely Nation? by Colin Brown